Especially for beginning kayakers and anglers, the threat of tipping over your boat is daunting and possibly discouraging. While even a seasoned kayaker still has a small chance of this happening due to conditions on the water, there are several techniques you can practice and get experience with to decrease the chances of taking a spill.
Conditions that Cause a Kayak to Tip
Generally, kayaks are safe and don’t just tip over for no reason. Most of the time when someone experiences this, it’s due to a lack of balance or conditions on the water outside of their control.
For example, it’s rather difficult, even for a beginner, to tip over in a recreation kayak on a calm river. A sporting kayak going up against strong rapids or out on a choppy ocean runs a greater risk of tipping, regardless of skill level, because it takes more skill to navigate those conditions. It can also be more difficult to control your boat if it’s super windy out, as those winds affect the water significantly.
Aside from weather conditions, if you’re new to kayaking there is a learning curve in navigating how to balance and paddle on the water. If you’re in shallower water with a larger boat, you could run up against the river bed, and that stalling tends to throw newer boaters off balance. Without the experience on how to paddle out of getting stuck, especially if the current picks up a bit, one naturally runs the risk of tipping over.
Seasoned kayakers who are taking their first stabs at angling can also run into an issue with tipping. Having to multitask and focus on the mechanics of kayaking and fishing at once is a very different experience, and it throws some off. Especially if a bite is taking considerable effort to reel in, and one hasn’t anchored correctly, that angler could easily tip over, even in deeper water.
Tips to Correct & Prevent Kayak Tipping
Learning how to stabilize and paddle effectively, along with the conditions that are ideal for the type of experience you’re looking for, go a long way in preventing a kayak from tipping. Here are some strategies and recommended practices to consider in learning how to navigate kayaking or angling:
- Pick the right kayak. When shopping a kayak, pick one that will be the most stable. Talk to experienced kayakers and dealers to educate yourself on what features make a kayak stable. For example, features like the size of the kayak, construction type/hull material: roto molded single piece, High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) materials contribute to making kayaks more stable. The right kayak will help you get the hang of maneuvering on the water.
- Distribute your equipment evenly. This ensures that your kayak is well-balanced and you won’t be battling with your own boat in order to get where you’re going.
- Practice the low-brace method. This stroke is valuable when you’re tipped nearly over on one side. You use the paddle to push into the water the way you’re leaning, and tilt your body the opposite way, leveraging the water & paddle momentum to balance your boat. Remember to keep your hand placement and posture aligned!
- Practice the high-brace method. This stroke requires you to brace with your feet and twist your upper body away from the direction you’re tipping, and then dip the paddle out in front of you to stabilize your boat. This is a helpful stroke if you’ve wobbled a bit and need to regain balance, as opposed to the low-brace method which is for when you’re about to tip over.
- Add outriggers. Particularly for anglers, these add an extra level of security and peace of mind when reeling in a challenging fish.
- Paddle away or directly towards big waves. Particularly for ocean kayakers, you’re more likely to capsize from a wave hitting you from the side. Getting it behind or in front of you is more stable.
- Check weather reports. High winds and surf, along with other stormy conditions, can make it increasingly difficult to paddle effectively. Know your comfort level and stay home if you aren’t prepared for the elements that day.
Regardless of your comfort level in a kayak, you should always be wearing or have easily accessible a personal floatation device. This is the best way to aid your recovery if and when you do tip over.